CONSTANTINOPLE, PERSIA OR VENICE?

The glass workshops of Constantinople, which became the main city of the Byzantine Empire, occupied an entire area near the marina. And in another part of the city, where ancient palaces, temples, mosques are located, you can see painted glass windows and glass ornaments sparkling like precious stones on palaces walls and ceilings.

Modern Persian Glass Vase
Modern Persian Glass Vase

All this has been preserved since that time, which is commonly called the Middle Ages. Glass at that time continued to be considered a luxury item, although many countries already knew how to make it.

But centuries passed, and the Constantinople masters got competitors and rivals. At first, they showed up in Persia. A beautiful vase dating back to the sixth century has been preserved. It is made by Persian craftsmen and made of gold, rock crystal, and stained glass. And at the end of the ninth century, that is, more than a thousand years ago, the Italian city of Venice became the main rival of Constantinople.

Through this city, which grew up on the picturesque islands of the Adriatic Sea, ships sailed with all the goods of Constantinople. There were ships with glass.

Venetian Glass
Venetian Glass

The Venetians were very smart and enterprising guys. They built their merchant fleet and began to buy glass products in Constantinople and export them to other countries, as the Phoenicians once did, reselling products of glass craftsmen from Egypt.

Gradually they themselves learned to make glass things and reached such perfection that no one could distinguish a copy from the original.

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